WHO IS MY NEIGHBOUR? THE SOCIAL TEACHING OF THE NEW TESTAMENT
by Joseph Martos
The social teaching of the New Testament is presented against the background of the Law of Moses (not just the Ten Commandments, but many other commands and prohibitions that are found in the Pentateuch) and the message of the prophets, especially the polemics of Amos and Micah, Isaiah and Jeremiah, against injustices perpetrated by rulers and the wealthy in Israel and Judah. In a word, Old Testament morality taught Jews to be fair and just toward their compatriots (gentiles did not have to be treated fairly), and to be compassionate toward the poor and the defenseless (including gentiles who were living among them).